Intrauterine device (IUD) is sometimes called a ‘copper coil’ or ‘simply coil’. It is not a coil as the name implies but a small T-shaped plastic device. A health professional should insert the coil into the uterus. This device secretes copper which stops pregnancy. Its efficacy lasts from 5 to 10 years depending on the type used.
Facts about the Device
Who can use the device?
Any healthy woman can use an IUD. The exception to its use are women who
IUD can be inserted 4 weeks after childbirth.
How an IUD works
The device when inserted into the uterus releases copper. The copper can work in two ways
Before Insertion of the IUD
You are required to consult a doctor before your IUD is inserted. Inside your vagina will be checked to know the size and position of your womb. You will also be tested for any STIs. You would also discuss the type of anaesthetic or over the counter painkiller to take before or after the insertion.
How is an IUD inserted?
Fitting an IUD does not take longer than 5 minutes. The vagina is held open with a speculum the same way it is during a cervical screening; the IUD is inserted into a small tube that is placed into the vagina. The tube is moved into the uterus through the cervix. The IUD is pushed out of the tube, and the tube pulled out. The strings on the IUD hangs between 1-2 inches into the vagina.
What to expect after an IUD insertion
You may experience slight bleeding, cramps, and lightheadedness after the procedure. This discomfort tends to disappear after a few days. The effect of the IUD begins as soon as it is inserted. There could be an infection after the insertion of an IUD. If you experience one of the following
You need to see your doctor 3-6 weeks after the procedure to make sure everything is as it should be.
If your partner feels the string of the IUD during sex or you feel it has moved, you need to see your doctor for a check-up.
Advantages of IUD
Disadvantages of IUD
Can IUD Fallout?
IUD falls out only in rare cases,
Risks of using an IUD
There are a few risks to be considered before you get an IUD inserted
Where to get an IUD
Free IUD can be gotten at