A cyst is made up of dead skin cells in an enclosed capsule or sac-like structure that is lined with skin cells. The skin cells lining the cyst which later die off with time and gets trapped in the centre of the cyst sack. An increasing number of skin cells are trapped in the cyst which makes it grow bigger with time.

Cysts do not wear away no matter how long it has stayed or how big it might have become. Its development starts when there is an ingrown hair or acne lesion and in some cases skin build up at a pore or hair follicle.

Common Types of Cysts

Pilar Cysts

Pilar cysts appear on the head (on the scalp). One of the major symptoms of a pilar cyst is that it forms knots under your hair. If it is not removed quickly, it may cause hair loss on that part of the scalp. It may even rupture which comes with painful and messy experience.

Sebaceous Cysts

Sebaceous cysts are formed when the skin turns inward creating a pocket or sack-like structure. Sebaceous cysts return repeatedly after you squeeze them.

Like it appears in a balloon, it will eventually burst either from squeezing or overfilling. When cyst bursts under the skin, it makes the area red and inflamed, but it cannot be called an infection. It’s the reaction of the body to fighting the cyst and expelling the cells that are not useful to the body

To prevent refilling of the cyst sack with dead cells, it will have to be removed totally. A dermatologist will need to make an incision on your skin to take the whole sack out, stitching it up to prevent scarring. The whole sack must be removed or else it will likely return.

Digital Mucous Cyst

A digital mucous cyst is caused by joint fluid. It forms little bubbles on the joints of fingers or toes. They usually appear like a blister on the joint closest to the nail as a clear, hard bubble.

It is the most difficult type of cyst to remove. To successfully remove it, the dermatology will have to shave off the top of the blister, numb the finger and drain the sticky fluid inside. The cysts are highly resistant to treatment; it may take several procedures to see improvement.

Causes of cyst

Cyst formation results from different causes. Some of the major causes of cyst formation are listed below;

  • Genetic conditions
  • Tumours
  • Infections
  • Errors in embryonic development
  • Cellular defects
  • Chronic inflammatory conditions
  • Blockages of ducts in the body
  • Parasites
  • Injuries

The Cost of Removing a Cyst

It is not always easy to determine health costs because of the fluctuation caused by your insurance. Your insurance company is in the best position to determine the amount the dermatologist should be paid for the procedure. The dermatologist accepting your insurance means he agreed to accept a certain amount for each insurance code. The code may be influenced by the size of the cyst and its location on the body. You should ask the doctor for the insurance code for your procedure if you are interested in finding out the particular cost for a dermatologist cyst removal.

Why a cyst treatment is needed

A cyst needs to be removed because it cannot wear away by itself. If it is not removed, it will continue to grow until it burst and grow again. A cyst should be treated before it bursts or ruptures. A ruptured cyst comes with painful and messy inflammation which last for a very long time. As a cyst ruptures, the skin cells in the sack disperse and break up in the area under the skin which turns red.

As the cyst bursts and empties itself, it recovers after a long time and starts over again. In this case, the cyst continues to rupture and fill up. This cycle is not only associated with pains, but it also creates scars in the area.

Chronically ruptured cysts come with a lot of complications and can be difficult to treat. This is because the area turns into a mixture of damaged tissue and cysts that have broken off and formed. Surgical operation is the best remedy at this point, which removes the entire area of the skin. It is always easy to remove the entire cyst if the cyst is not ruptured. In this case, the wound heals quickly, and the problem of the chronically ruptured cyst can be avoided.

When to treat cysts

A cyst is just like a tiny ball, knot or kernel growing underneath the skin. It begins from an ingrown hair or acne pore that has been infected, which allows the skin to get turned in on itself.

When a cyst is infected, treatment options will be limited. You will need to see your dermatologist as soon as you notice a cyst, so that chances of pain developing or the cyst coming back can be voided.