Certain women experience pain in their pelvis,and it might come as severe or mild. No matter how it comes, the fact remains that pelvic painsymptoms in women might be an indicator for an infection or issues with the reproductive system such as ovulation, menstrual cramps and the likes. You need to see your doctor for examination when symptoms become more frequent.

There are different causes of pelvic pain in women; they include the following:

  • Ovulation: this is a condition that describes painful ovulation that results from the fluid released with the egg. It is associated with painful sensation on the pelvis in the middle of her menstrual cycle. The ovaries release an egg and some fluids during ovulation; the fluid settles around the pelvic area. The fluid may cause irritation that results in pelvic pain on the side of the ovary that releases the egg.
  • Menstrual pain and cramps: pelvic pains in women often result from menstrual cramp. Some women see crampas a sign for their regular monthly period because it startsa few days before their period. Menstrual cramps occur as a result of contraction and shedding of the uterus lining, which comes with pain similar to a muscle spasm or a jabbing pain.

Most women experience pain when menstruating, which might last for at least a day or twoin each cycle. A warm heat pad can be used to relieve menstrual pain; medications like ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) can also be used to relieve pain.

  • Appendicitis: this is the inflammation of a small organ in the lower-right abdomen called the appendix. Symptoms may include sharp pain in their lower-right abdomen, vomiting and fever.
  • Cystitis or urinary tract infections: this is an inflammation in the bladder caused by vaginal, rectal, or skin bacteria that finds their way into the bladder through the urethra.As cystitis occurs in the bladder,urinary tract infection(UTI) can occur anywhere in the system, but both are common to women. Cystitis and UTIs can be treated with antibiotics, but it can also wear out on its own in some cases.
  • Sexually transmitted infections: STIs such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia can lead to pelvic pain symptoms in women. Experiencing painful urination, bleeding between periods, and changes in vaginal discharge are symptoms you might experience outside pelvic pain. You are advised to see your doctor if you’re experiencing the above signs so that timely treatment will be carried out.
  • Pelvic adhesions: pelvic adhesion results from scar tissue that allows two tissues that do not have any business connecting in the body to connect. Adhesion is associated with serious pelvic pain. Invasive surgery may be recommended by your doctor to help reduce adhesions and relieve the pain.
  • Interstitial cystitis: this is a bladder inflammation that causes pelvic pain in women. There is noknown medical cause. Interstitial cystitis is associated with certainpelvic pain symptomslike pain during sex, frequent and painful urination. Treatment may include the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, nerve pain drugs analgesic and antihistamine or feedback and physical therapy.
  • Urinary stones: Urinary stones are made up of salts and minerals such as calciumthat build-up in the urinary tract which the body couldn’t get rid of in urine. This can cause pelvic pain or lower back pain because minerals might form crystals in the bladder or kidneys. There may be a change inthe colour of urine because of the blood that is present in it. Treating may not be needed, but because of painful urination, medications that can dissolve the stones may be recommended by your doctor.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):This is an infection of the womb caused by bacteria that enters the womb from the vagina or cervix.PID can lead to damagesof the surrounding tissue, increasing the risk of infertility. Other than pelvic painsymptoms, you may experience abnormal vaginal discharge and bleeding. Scarring may result in chronic cases in which antibiotics treatment may not be effective. You should see your doctor once you start experiencing the symptoms so that it can be treated early.
  • Endometriosis: this happens when the tissue lining inside the uterus grows out of the womb, which leads to chronic pelvic pain. It can also lead to bleeding and inflammation of the pelvis due to abnormal changes during the regular monthly flow. Getting pregnant may be very difficult for women with endometriosis.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: irritable bowel syndrome is identified with symptoms such as bloating, constipation, and diarrhoea. Symptoms do not always last; it might subside after a bowel movement. Symptoms can be managed by changing your diet, controlling stress or taking medication
  • Tumour: Tumour such as a malignant growth in the urinary tract, gastrointestinal system or reproductive systemcan cause pain in the pelvis. You should see your doctor once you experience symptoms so that evaluation can be carried out to know the right treatment you will take
  • Ovarian cysts: when the ovaries fail to release an egg, ovarian cyst occurs. Eggs not being released are caused when the follicle holding the eggs doesn’t open well for it to pass through, the egg may become clogged with fluids which grow into cyst Symptoms of ovarian cyst include bloating, pressure, or pelvic pain in the affected area. Medical treatment may not be needed for cysts because they wear out with tim, but when cyst bursts, it causes severe pelvic pain which may require surgery.
  • Uterine fibroids:Fibroidsare noncancerous growth of muscle and fibrous tissue in the uterus. The symptoms associated with uterine fibroid include pain in the pelvis, lower back or painduring sex, excessive bleeding ormenstrual cramp. Treatments may include medication or surgery.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: this is when an embryo grows anywhere outside the uterus which causes very sharp pain and cramps inthe pelvis. Symptoms like dizziness, vaginal bleeding and nausea may also occur. You should seek medical advice as soon as you notice symptoms to avoid complications.

When to see your doctor

It is necessary you see your doctor to be examinedfor infection if you havepelvic pain symptoms so that prompt treatment can be carried out to avoid further complication.

The fact that some infections wear out on their own after a while does not mean you should sit back;complications can happen at anytime, you should see your doctor right away. You should also consult your doctor on time if you experience pelvic pain symptoms that are often associated with unexpected vaginal bleeding.

You should seek urgent medical attention if you experience pelvic pain symptoms that have graduated into more pain, such as sharp twists or sudden sharp pain. Also, see your doctor for examination and treatment if you notice other symptoms such as nausea, fever, and vomiting that appear alongside pelvic pain.


Most people say painful ovulation and menstrual cramping are the main causes of pelvic pain in women. Looking further, there could be more that is associated with the cause of pelvic pain. You should see your doctor for early diagnosis and treatment.