Most women in their reproductive age grow several small cysts or fluid-filled sacs on their ovaries, these cysts are rarely harmful but can lead to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s system.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common hormonal disorder, which is common among women in their childbearing. Women with PCOS may experience some polycystic ovary symptoms like infertility in women, excess hair, menstrual cycle abnormalities, acne and obesity.
There is usually no specific test to diagnose for polycystic ovarian syndrome. Your health care provider or doctor is likely to schedule an appointment with you, where you may discuss your medical history, including weight changes and your menstrual changes.
It may involve carrying out a physical examination which may include checking for acne, insulin resistance, or excess hair in the body. Your doctor might also recommend any of the following:
If you are diagnosed with PCOS after the test, your doctor may arrange for an additional test, to test further for complications. These tests may include the following:
Polycystic ovarian treatment is largely focused on managing the patient’s concerns such as infertility, acne or obesity. Other polycystic ovarian treatment may include the following:
Life style changes
Depending on your medical history, yourdoctor might recommend low-calorie diets combined with few exercising activities’, to help cut down unnecessary fat in the system, since a modest reduction of your body weight can help to improve your condition.
The following medications can also be recommendedfor polycystic ovarian treatment:
Birth control pills: birth control pills are quite effective in the reduction of androgen production, which are known to cause excessive hair growth in the body
Electrolysis: this is a tiny needle, usually inserted into the hair follicles. The needle transmits a pulse of electric current, to damage and destroy the follicles. This requires more than one polycystic ovarian treatment.
Aldactone: this medication helps to militate against the effect of androgen on the skin. It can also lead to a congenital disability, which is why effective use of contraceptive is required, to avoid such risk.
Eflornithine: this cream can help to reduce the growth of facial hair growth in a woman.
Clomiphene: the medication is usually administered during the first part of your menstrual cycle
Gonadotropins: the hormone medication helps to improve your ovulation, and is usually given by injection.
Letrozole: breast cancer treatment can also help to stimulate the woman’s ovaries.
Metformin: is an oral medication for basically type 2 diabetes, quite efficient in lowering insulin levels and improving insulin resistance.
Combination of birth control pills: birth control pills that contain estrogens and progestin can help in reducing androgen production in the body. However, this can help to reduce therisk of endometrial cancer, correct abnormal bleeding, and reduce excess hair growth and acne.
Progestin therapy: progestin intake may not improve androgen levels, but can help to prevent pregnancy, regulate your period, and protect against endometrial cancer.
Some home remedies can also help decrease the effects of PCOS; this may include:
No special preparation is required. However, you may be referred to a gynaecologist, an endocrinologist or an infertility specialist.
What can you do?
Before going for your polycystic ovarian treatment, it is important to enlist the symptoms you’ve been noticing in the past, vitamins and supplements you take, including the dosage. Have a clear knowledge of your medical information, menstrual cycles, and recent life change. Prepare important questions to ask your doctor; some of those questions may include the following:
Ensure you clear or possible doubt, as they occur to you
What to expect from your doctor
During your appointment, your doctor may likely ask a series of questions, including:
The above-listed questions will give your health care provider a hint on how severe your case is, as well as the polycystic ovarian treatment procedure required.