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Proper Diagnosis and Treatment for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Most women in their reproductive age grow several small cysts or fluid-filled sacs on their ovaries, these cysts are rarely harmful but can lead to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s system.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common hormonal disorder, which is common among women in their childbearing. Women with PCOS may experience some polycystic ovary symptoms like infertility in women, excess hair, menstrual cycle abnormalities, acne and obesity.

Diagnosis

There is usually no specific test to diagnose for polycystic ovarian syndrome.  Your health care provider or doctor is likely to schedule an appointment with you, where you may discuss your medical history, including weight changes and your menstrual changes.

It may involve carrying out a physical examination which may include checking for acne, insulin resistance, or excess hair in the body. Your doctor might also recommend any of the following:

  • Pelvic exam:  here, the doctor will manually inspect your reproductive organs for growth and abnormalities in your system.
  • An ultrasound: your doctor checks the appearance of your ovaries, as well as the thickness of the lining in your uterus, with the use of a wand-like device. This device is placed on the woman’s vagina, while it emits sound waves that will be transmitted into images on the screen.
  • Blood tests: your blood sample is taken and analysed, to measure hormonal levels in your system. Your doctor may also conduct an additional blood test to measure glucose tolerance and triglyceride levels.

If you are diagnosed with PCOS after the test, your doctor may arrange for an additional test, to test further for complications. These tests may include the following:

  • Screening for depression and anxiety.
  • Periodic check for blood pressure, glucose tolerance and cholesterol
  • Screening for obstructive sleep apnea

Polycystic ovarian treatment

Polycystic ovarian treatment is largely focused on managing the patient’s concerns such as infertility, acne or obesity. Other polycystic ovarian treatment may include the following:

Life style changes

Depending on your medical history, yourdoctor might recommend low-calorie diets combined with few exercising activities’, to help cut down unnecessary fat in the system, since a modest reduction of your body weight can help to improve your condition.

Medications

The following medications can also be recommendedfor polycystic ovarian treatment:

  • To reduce excessive hair growth

Birth control pills:  birth control pills are quite effective in the reduction of androgen production, which are known to cause excessive hair growth in the body

Electrolysis: this is a tiny needle, usually inserted into the hair follicles. The needle transmits a pulse of electric current, to damage and destroy the follicles. This requires more than one polycystic ovarian treatment.

Aldactone: this medication helps to militate against the effect of androgen on the skin. It can also lead to a congenital disability, which is why effective use of contraceptive is required, to avoid such risk.

Eflornithine: this cream can help to reduce the growth of facial hair growth in a woman.

  • Increase your ovulation:

Clomiphene: the medication is usually administered during the first part of your menstrual cycle

Gonadotropins:  the hormone medication helps to improve your ovulation, and is usually given by injection.

Letrozole: breast cancer treatment can also help to stimulate the woman’s ovaries.

Metformin: is an oral medication for basically type 2 diabetes, quite efficient in lowering insulin levels and improving insulin resistance.

  • Toregulate your menstrual cycle

Combination of birth control pills: birth control pills that contain estrogens and progestin can help in reducing androgen production in the body. However, this can help to reduce therisk of endometrial cancer, correct abnormal bleeding, and reduce excess hair growth and acne.

Progestin therapy:  progestin intake may not improve androgen levels, but can help to prevent pregnancy, regulate your period, and protect against endometrial cancer.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Some home remedies can also help decrease the effects of PCOS; this may include:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: weight loss can help reduce insulin and androgen levels while restoring your ovulation. Ensure you ask yourdoctor for a reliable weight-control program.
  • Limit carbohydrate intake: high carbohydrate intake might increase the level of insulin in your system. Ask your doctor for a low carbohydrate diet. It is also important to choose complex carbohydrate, which can raise your blood sugar levels to some extent.
  • Be active: increasing your daily activity exercise helps to lower blood sugar levels. Moreso, participating in a regular exercise program can help you keep your weight under control.

Preparing for your appointment

No special preparation is required. However, you may be referred to a gynaecologist, an endocrinologist or an infertility specialist.

What can you do?

Before going for your polycystic ovarian treatment, it is important to enlist the symptoms you’ve been noticing in the past, vitamins and supplements you take, including the dosage. Have a clear knowledge of your medical information, menstrual cycles, and recent life change. Prepare important questions to ask your doctor; some of those questions may include the following:

  • How does PCOS affect my fertility level?
  • What tests do you recommend?
  • What polycystic ovarian treatment do you recommend to help get rid of my polycystic ovarian symptoms?
  • What lifestyle modification do you recommend to help improve my symptoms and fertility level?
  • How can I manage my underlying medical condition and polycystic ovarian treatmenttogether?
  • Are there any implications of PCOS to my health in the future?

Ensure you clear or possible doubt, as they occur to you

What to expect from your doctor

During your appointment, your doctor may likely ask a series of questions, including:

  • Do you have underlying signs and symptoms?
  • How do they occur?
  • How severe are they?
  • When did the symptoms begin and how frequent they occur?
  • When was your last menstrual period?
  • Your weight in the last few days and month also the number of changes experienced
  • Do you have a relative that has been diagnosed with PCOS in the past?
  • Are you planning to get pregnant anytime soon?

The above-listed questions will give your health care provider a hint on how severe your case is, as well as the polycystic ovarian treatment procedure required.

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