Whether it is your first or last pregnancy, hearing your obstetrician or nurse tell you your pregnancy is of high risk may be a matter of concern. However, it is essential to note that high-risk pregnancy may not ultimately affect you and your baby, but a way for your GP to ensure you get adequate care during your pregnancy.
What are high-risk pregnancies?
Your pregnancy is considered a high-risk, when there are potential complications that could affect the mother and child; before, during and after child delivery. But with careful monitoring and regular care, a high-risk pregnancy can still be healthy.
Here are things you need to know about high-risk pregnancy
Causes of high-risk pregnancy
High-risk pregnancy is caused by several factors such as; health and medical factors, pregnancy-related factor and your overall lifestyle. However, during your checkup/ screening, your health care provider may question you based on these factors.
1. Health and medical factors
Many health conditions may lead to high-risk pregnancy including the following:
2. Pregnancy-related factors
3. General lifestyle
Your general lifestyle has a considerable effect on your health and your pregnancy. You are more likely to encounter complications during pregnancy if you:
Special tests to consider
If you have a high-risk pregnancy, your health care provider may recommend any of the following tests depending on your issues or circumstances.
Steps to take to promote a healthy pregnancy
There are some important tips to take to reduce pregnancy complications. You may want to consider the following:
1. Eat a healthy diet: take more of protein, folic acid, calcium and iron during pregnancy. This may reduce the chances of complications, especially during childbirth. If you are a diabetic patient, schedule an appointment with your health care provider to advise you on possible special nutrition suitable for your health condition.
2. Schedule an appointment before conception: patients with health conditions and issues that may trigger high-risk pregnancy may schedule a preconception appointment with their health care provider. Your health care provider may prepare and adjust your underlying medical treatment for pregnancy. You may also be counselled on possible risk and solution associated with having a child with your condition.
3. Pre-natal care: if you are already pregnant, regular prenatal care can guard against possible risk and conditions relating to your pregnancy complications and an immediate solution to tackle them.
4. Gain a healthy weight: gaining the right amount of weight has a lot of impact on how healthy your pregnancy can be. It not only ensure smooth and timely delivery but also helps in losing some extra pounds even after child delivery. Ensure you seek medical advice and attention in cases where possible
5. Avoid alcohol and tobacco intake: as discussed earlier, alcohol and cigarette can lead to stillbirth and other pregnancy complications. You can easily save yourself the stress by avoiding excess consumption of alcohol and tobacco. You may, however, want to consider eliminating the habit completely during your pregnancy to be on a safe note.
Types of doctors to see
If your pregnancy is risky, you may need to see either of the following doctors, depending on the condition at hand;
These doctors are highly experienced in issues relating to high-risk pregnancy. In some cases, you may be directed to see other doctors depending on the condition at hand.