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Baby Delivery

Delivering a baby can be laborious, scary, enthralling and sometimes less expected. However, learning all you can should help you get ready when the time comes.

What is child/baby delivery?

Baby delivery also known as childbirth is simply a process that leads to one or more babies leaving a woman uterus through a vaginal or caesarean passage. It is important to note that every woman’s delivery process is unique. Thus, below are types and stages of childbirth.

Types of baby delivery

The general types of baby delivery may include:

  1. vaginal delivery
  2. Caesarean section

1. Vaginal delivery: vaginal delivery is the most common type of child delivery. This method is a natural means of childbirth whereby the baby is delivered through the vagina of the mother. The process involves three stages.

First stage-  (labour)

This stage is subdivided into three main phases

– Early labour stage: Early labour stage are usually the longest amongst other phases of labour. In this phase, contractions begin and may last for at least 45 seconds. The contractions are usually mild and uncomfortable during this stage.

– Active labour stage: This phase follows immediately after the early labour stage. Here, contractions are more severe and continue intermittently after 5 minutes. The cervix dilates to approximately 4cm. If the membranes of amniotic sac have not ruptured completely, your doctor may decide to rupture the membranes to hasten the birth process. This process is usually known as ‘breaking the water’. The process is complete when the cervix is completely thinned out and open.

– Transitioning phase: Contractions becomes highly severe and more prolonged in this phase. An expecting mother giving birth for the first time may last for 3-4 hours in the transition stage before childbirth. The stage is the final stage of labour and prepares the mother for baby delivery

Second stage: The  birth

The birth or delivery stage may vary. In some cases, it may take a few minutes or some hours to deliver the child. The mother will usually go with the direction of the nurse or obstetrician followed by a strong urge from the contraction of the uterine muscles to push.

Final stage- cutting the placenta

In the final stage, fewer contractions may continue to help dispatch the placenta from the uterus. The mother is usually advised to breastfeed the baby to help shrink back the uterus and discontinue the bleeding.

Benefits of vagina delivery

– For normal pregnancy, vaginal delivery remains the safest means for child delivery.

– Children conceived using vaginal delivery has a low risk of respiratory issues

– Less risk of blood loss

– Quick recovery process

Associated risk

– High risk of oxygen deprivation for babies in the breech position.

How to get ready

Getting ready for vaginal delivery is very important before going into labour. However, a woman should have her hospital bag neatly packed by the time she is 34-36 weeks pregnant; this avoids an unnecessary rush to pack when labour does occur.

Things to pack

– At least 2-3 sets of clothes should be packed for the mother during and after childbirth

– 2-3 set of clothing for the child

– Babies socks and nappies

– Blanket

– Comfortable slippers

– Toiletries

– Maternity pads

– Nursing bras

– Snacks and drink, etc

Caesarean birth or C-section

For a Caesarean delivery, the baby is delivered directly through the mother’s uterus and abdomen and it is usually applicable when vaginal birth can’t be used

Reasons for cesarean birth

– When the expecting mother has HIV or herpes infection

– When the baby is too big

– if the child is in a breech position

– When the mother has medical issues like diabetes or high blood pressure.

– placenta problems

– inadequate opening of the cervix for the baby to come out

– multiple pregnancies; especially in cases where the mother’s energy is lost, where the babies are born quite early or are not in right birthing positions.

Procedures

A caesarean birth will require a midwife to prepare the mother for operation. The nurse will insert an intravenous line into the arm of the patient; this line will ensure that fluids and medications flow properly into the bloodstream during the surgery.

After that, the abdomen will be appropriately cleaned and washed, and a tube will be placed in the abdomen to drain the expectant mother bladder. Anaesthesia is administered to the patient while a vertical or horizontal incision is made through the wall of the abdomen. The incision is used for the delivery of the baby after which the placenta is properly removed and the uterus is stitched back to normal. Stitches or staples are usually utilised in closing back the abdominal skin.

After the surgery, the tube is removed from the bladder, and the patient is taking to a waiting room where she is adequately monitored. She will be required to take enough rest; usually between 3-5 days but advised to breastfeed her child.

Benefits

– it allows the birth of the child that are unlikely to survive under standard vaginal delivery

Associated Risks

– The slow recovery process for patients

– Severe complications after birth such as haemorrhage

– infections and complications relating to anaesthesia

How to prepare

Same items may be required just like that of vaginal delivery. However, the patient may be necessary to increase the set of clothes for the mother and child as well as other items since you may need to stay in the hospital for a longer time.